Studying Classical Orders and their Capitals


Rome, Temple of Castor and Pollux (Templum Castorum). Drawing by Giovanni Battista Piranesi from the mid 18th century.

“I shall define beauty to be a harmony of all the parts…fitted together with such proportion and connection, that nothing could be added, diminished or altered, but for the worse.”

– Leon Battista Alberti

Over the past few months, I have been studying variations of the Classical Orders. Below are several pen and watercolor renderings of column capitals that I have produced as a result.

Tuscan Order

(Simplified Tuscan)

Tuscan Capital-BRO

Doric Order

(Roman Doric Order after Vignola)

Roman Doric Capital-BRO

Ionic Order

(Greek Ionic Order from the British Museum, London, England)

Greek Ionic Capitol-British Museum_B.RO.jpg

Corinthian Order

(Roman Corinthian Order from the Temple of Castor and Pollux, Rome, Italy)