• Architectural design and theory emphasizing phenomenology
  • Evidence-based design, performance-based design, pre/post-occupancy evaluation
  • Architecture’s effect on human experience, perception, behavior
  • Sustainable design and environmental systems integration
  • Architectural history, historiography, and reception history
  • Cultural, social, political, and religious influences on architectural diversity
  • Architecture as text: comparison, interpretation, meaning
  • Aesthetics of place, space, and form
  • Morphology of sacred architecture and urbanism
  • Material culture of religion: architectural representations and embodiment of myth, rite, ritual


TOPICS (click categories for more information)



Ro, Brandon and Julio Bermudez. Understanding Extraordinary Architectural Experiences through Written Narratives: A Qualitative Study,” article under review at the Journal of Environmental Psychology which examines written narratives of extraordinary human encounters with architecture and the thematic content of the experiences involved.

Ro, Brandon. “Evaluating the Environmental Impact of Office Spaces on Culture and Behavior: Lessons from Sustainability Pledges, Surveys, Assessments, and Certifications.” Paper under review for 6th Annual Intermountain Sustainability Summit, Weber State University, Ogden, UT, March 6, 2015.

Ro, Brandon. “The Temple as Imago Mundi: Ancient and Modern Architectural Imitations of the Universe.” Paper to be submitted to “Nature and the Ordinary: Sacred Foundations of Architecture, Culture, and Spirituality” – 7th Annual ACS Symposium, Ghost Ranch, NM, June 18-21, 2015.

Ro, Brandon and Julio Bermudez. “Mapping Extraordinary Aesthetic Experiences by Education, Age, and Gender.” Expanded journal article from a published abstract documenting the effects of education, age, and gender on extraordinary aesthetic experiences with architecture and their ontological mapping.

Ro, Brandon. Extraordinary Encounters with Catholic Sacred Architecture,” Journal article to be submitted to the Journal of Sacred Architecture investigating survey results of transformative human encounters in Catholic sacred architecture.

Ro, Brandon. “Blending the Subjective and Objective Realms of Sacred Architecture: Creating a Comparative Framework for Evaluating Ritual Contexts,” article identifying methods to assist architects and researchers in evaluating the experiential potency of sacred spaces through the use of hermeneutics, surveys, graphical analysis, and statistics.

Ro, Brandon. “Space + Experience in the Mormon Temple: Theatrical Modes of Presenting the Endowment Ritual,” article examining the evolution of architectural and theatrical methods used to present the Mormon temple endowment ritual over a span of 180 years.

Ro, Brandon. “(Re)interpreting Jerusalem’s Sacred Ceremonial Center: A Look at the Temple’s Symbolic Ideology from a Morphological Perspective,” article utilizing comparative methods from historians of religion to (re)interpret the Jerusalem Temple as a ceremonial center and identify the unique interrelationships between architecture (form), religion (ideals), ritual (function), culture (tradition), and environment (geography).

Ro, Brandon. “Turning Towards the Lord: Mormon Temple Astroarchitectural Orientation.” Journal article utilizing research methods from archaeoastronomy to map the physical orientation of a building and its architectural features. Over 150 Mormon temples case studies are examined in this manner to produce a more precise mapping of orientation preference and its theological interpretation.

Ro, Brandon. One Eternal Round: Temple, Cosmos, History. Book manuscript exploring theological intersections between sacred architecture, the Zodiacal constellations, and episodes of sacred history found within Mormonism and the broader Judeo-Christian milieu.

Ro, Brandon. Holiness to the Lord: The Sacred Architecture of Mormon Temples. Book manuscript that compares the architectural morphology of Mormon temples against other religious traditions synchronically and then charts their evolution diachronically over time to produce a critical history of Mormon temple architecture.

Ro, Brandon. “Towards an Architecture of Continuity or Discontinuity: Integrating the Identity of the Mormon Temple into a Global Context.” Paper outlining the religio-political implications of architectural design and site selection of Mormon temples throughout the globe.


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